Pre-Revolutionary War Vocabulary

American Revolution Vocabulary

  1. Revolution – an overthrow and complete replacement of an established government or political system by the people being governed by that system
  2. Victuals – food
  3. Pining – yearning for, wanting
  4. Contrivance – mechanical device
  5. Amiss – something is wrong
  6. Libation – a drink used as an offering or sacrifice
  7. Repose – to rest
  8. Militia – a military force made up of ordinary citizens
  9. Converted – to change the religious beliefs of someone
  10. Iroquois Confederacy – the most powerful group of Native Americans in eastern North America before and during the French and Indian War
  11. Alliance – a partnership
  12. Neutral – to take no side of a conflict
  13. Prohibited – barred or kept someone from doing something
  14. Revenue – incoming money from taxes or other sources
  15. Writs of Assistance – Documents that allowed British officers to search anywhere for smuggled goods without a warrant
  16. Violated – to disregard or go against a norm or law
  17. Resolution – a formal expression of opinion
  18. Effigy – a mocking figure representing an unpopular individual
  19. Boycott – to refuse to buy goods for a reason
  20. Repeal – to cancel or rescind
  21. Commodities – goods people buy and sell on a regular basis
  22. Rebellion – open defiance of authority
  23. Occupy – to take control of an area
  24. Encounter – to meet or come face-to-face with a person or a group
  25. Propaganda – ideas or information (true or false) intentionally spread to harm or help a cause, information used to influence public opinion
  26. Committee of Correspondence – an organization that spread ideas and information through Britain’s American colonies
  27. Minutemen – militia men in the American colonies who said they could be ready to fight in a minute’s notice
  28. Approach – to get closer to something
  29. Loyalists – colonists who sided with Britain and saw no need for an armed rebellion
  30. Patriots – colonists who were against the British and wanted to fight an armed rebellion
  31. Moorings – ropes or chains holding a ship in place
  32. Encampment – place where a group of soldiers are camped
  33. Sentinel – a soldier on guard
  34. Musket-ball – a bullet from a gun
  35. Discipline – the ability to follow rules and procedures
  36. Debate – a discussion by opposing points of view
  37. Preamble – the introduction to a formal document that often tells why the document was written (similar to an introduction to an essay)
  38. Renounce – to give up or abandon something or someone
  39. Reconciliation – a settlement or understanding between two people
  40. Infallibly – without fail, cannot fail
  41. Animosity – hostility, ill will, hatred